The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. International agreements will be referred to the relevant committee – in the case of the UK, it will be the Foreign Affairs Committees (AFET) and International Trade Committees (INTA). The committee then reviews each convention and draws up a report that will be submitted to parliament as a whole, retaining the views of other interested committees and recommending that they be adopted or rejected.
Shortly after the agreement, EU heads of state and government agreed. For an agreement with the United Kingdom, this would probably involve the conclusions of a European Council summit. “If the British authorities violate or threaten to violate or violate the withdrawal agreement by UK internal market law in its current form or otherwise, the European Parliament will not in any way ratify an agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom,” the chairs of the European Parliament`s political groups and members of the British Coordination Group said in a joint statement.